Well-defined bisMETAMORPhos PdI-PdI complex: Synthesis, structural characterization, and reactivity

Sander Oldenhof, Martin Lutz, Bas De Bruin, Jarl Ivar Van Der Vlugt, Joost N H Reek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The formation of a bisMETAMORPhos PN-bridged dimeric PdI complex (3) from ligand 1 and Pd(dba)2 is described. The addition of 1 to Pd(dba)2 initially leads to the formation of Pd0 complex 2, which has a highly distorted tetrahedral environment and binds two neutral ligands 1. Complex 2 converts to {PdI}2 complex 3 upon heating. Complex 3 consists of a completely flat Pd-Pd core, with a Pd-Pd bond length of 2.6199(4) Å, and the Pd centers display a highly distorted square planar coordination environment. The formation of complex 3 from 2 is suggested to proceed via an in situ comproportionation pathway. Initial decoordination of one ligand from 2 followed by oxidative addition of one neutral coordinated ligand arm leads to a 1-PdIIH complex. Insertion of free dba into the Pd-H bond generates a 1-PdIIdba complex that releases 1,5-diphenylpent-1-en-3-one via intra- or intermolecular protonolysis. Concomitantly, comproportionation with 1-Pd0 yields 3. Complex 3 was found to function as a precatalyst in the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of p-chloroacetophenone with good conversions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7293-7298
Number of pages6
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2014


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