Use of Antibiotics among Residents Living Close to Poultry or Goat Farms: A Nationwide Analysis in The Netherlands

Inge Roof, Wim van der Hoek, Lisette Oude Boerrigter, Cornelia C H Wielders, Lidwien A M Smit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Prior regional studies found a high risk of pneumonia for people living close to poultry and goat farms. This epidemiological study in the Netherlands used nationwide antibiotic prescription data as a proxy for pneumonia incidence to investigate whether residents of areas with poultry and goat farms use relatively more antibiotics compared to areas without such farms. We used prescription data on antibiotics most commonly prescribed to treat pneumonia in adults and livestock farming data, both with nationwide coverage. Antibiotic use was expressed as defined daily doses per (4-digit Postal Code (PC4) area)-(age group)-(gender)-(month) combination for the year 2015. We assessed the associations between antibiotic use and farm exposure using negative binomial regression. The amoxicillin, doxycycline, and co-amoxiclav use was significantly higher (5-10% difference in use) in PC4 areas with poultry farms present compared to areas without, even after adjusting for age, gender, smoking, socio-economic status, and goat farm presence. The adjusted models showed no associations between antibiotic use and goat farm presence. The variables included in this study could only partly explain the observed regional differences in antibiotic use. This was an ecological study that precludes inference about causal relations. Further research using individual-level data is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1346
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalAntibiotics
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Antibiotic use
  • Goat
  • Human
  • Livestock
  • Pneumonia
  • Poultry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Use of Antibiotics among Residents Living Close to Poultry or Goat Farms: A Nationwide Analysis in The Netherlands'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this