Unveiling nano-scaled chemical inhomogeneity impacts on corrosion of Ce-modified 2507 super-duplex stainless steels

Harishchandra Singh, Yi Xiong, Ekta Rani, Shubo Wang, Mourad Kharbach, Tian Zhou, Huai Yao, Yuran Niu, Alexei Zakharov, Graham King, Frank M.F. de Groot, Jukka Kömi, Marko Huttula, Wei Cao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The widely used stainless steels and their deformed variants are anticorrosive in ambient conditions due to passivation layers composed of chromium oxides. Conventionally, corrosion and erosion of the steels are attributed to the breakdown of such layers but seldomly to the origin that depends on surface heterogeneity at the microscopic level. In this work, the nanometer-scaled chemical heterogeneity at the surface unveiled via spectro-microscopy and chemometric analysis unexpectedly dominates the breakdown and corrosion behavior of the cold-rolled Ce-modified 2507 super-duplex stainless steels (SDSS) over its hot-deformed counterpart. Though relatively uniformly covered by a native Cr2O3 layer revealed by X-ray photoemission electron microscopy, the cold-rolled SDSS behaved poorly in passivity because of locally distributed Fe3+ rich nano-islands over the Fe/Cr oxide layer. This atomic-level knowledge provides a deep understanding of corrosion of stainless steel and is expected to benefit corrosion controls of similar high-alloyed metals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
Pages (from-to)1-10
Journalnpj Materials Degradation
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

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