TY - JOUR

T1 - Universal field dependence of magnetic resonance near zero frequency

AU - Yuan, H. Y.

AU - Duine, Rembert A.

PY - 2021/4/1

Y1 - 2021/4/1

N2 - Magnetic resonance is a widely established phenomenon that probes magnetic properties such as magnetic damping and anisotropy. Even though the typical resonance frequency of a magnet ranges from gigahertz to terahertz, experiments also report the resonance near zero frequency in a large class of magnets. Here we revisit this phenomenon by analyzing the symmetry of the system and find that the resonance frequency ω follows a universal power law ω |H-Hc|p, where Hc is the critical field at which the resonance frequency is zero. When the magnet preserves the rotational symmetry around the external field H, p=1. Otherwise, p=1/2. The magnon excitations are gapped above Hc, gapless at Hc, and gapped again below Hc. The zero frequency is often accompanied by a reorientation transition in the magnetization. For the case in which p=1/2, this transition is described by a Landau theory for second-order phase transitions. We further show that the spin current driven by thermal gradient and spin-orbit effects can be significantly enhanced when the resonance frequency is close to zero, which can be measured electrically by converting the spin current into electric signals. This may provide an experimentally accessible way to characterize the critical field. Our findings provide a unified understanding of the magnetization dynamics near the critical field and may, furthermore, inspire the study of magnon transport near magnetic transitions.

AB - Magnetic resonance is a widely established phenomenon that probes magnetic properties such as magnetic damping and anisotropy. Even though the typical resonance frequency of a magnet ranges from gigahertz to terahertz, experiments also report the resonance near zero frequency in a large class of magnets. Here we revisit this phenomenon by analyzing the symmetry of the system and find that the resonance frequency ω follows a universal power law ω |H-Hc|p, where Hc is the critical field at which the resonance frequency is zero. When the magnet preserves the rotational symmetry around the external field H, p=1. Otherwise, p=1/2. The magnon excitations are gapped above Hc, gapless at Hc, and gapped again below Hc. The zero frequency is often accompanied by a reorientation transition in the magnetization. For the case in which p=1/2, this transition is described by a Landau theory for second-order phase transitions. We further show that the spin current driven by thermal gradient and spin-orbit effects can be significantly enhanced when the resonance frequency is close to zero, which can be measured electrically by converting the spin current into electric signals. This may provide an experimentally accessible way to characterize the critical field. Our findings provide a unified understanding of the magnetization dynamics near the critical field and may, furthermore, inspire the study of magnon transport near magnetic transitions.

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/dfb6322c-d688-3769-8123-bbcf6693e33c/

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.134440

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.134440

M3 - Article

SN - 0163-1829

VL - 103

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Physical Review B

JF - Physical Review B

IS - 13

M1 - 134440

ER -