Understanding the build-up of a technological innovation system around hydrogen and fuel cell technologies

R.A.A. Suurs, M.P. Hekkert, R.E.H.M. Smits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study provides insight into the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in the Netherlands (1980–2007). This is done by applying a Technological Innovation System (TIS) approach. This approach takes the perspective that a technology is shaped by a surrounding network of actors, institutions and technologies. When a technology is in an early stage of development, a TIS has yet to be built up in order to propel technological progress. This build-up process is studied for the hydrogen and fuel cell innovation system in the Netherlands. This is done by systematically studying the dynamics of seven key activities that accelerated (or slowed down) developments around hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. The analysis contributes to a better understanding of these dynamics and of the drivers and barriers that caused them to emerge. The study derives important lessons for practitioners.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)9639-9654
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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