Two treatises on the astrolabe by Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Biruni (973-1048 A.D.)

Pouyan Rezvani Rezvani

Research output: ThesisDoctoral thesis 1 (Research UU / Graduation UU)

Abstract

Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Biruni (973-1048 A.D.) was one of the leading mathematicians and astronomers in the 11th century Islamic tradition. Of the some 120 works he penned, 26 are still extant today, and 24 of these have been published previously. This thesis is thus devoted to the two, as yet unpublished, Arabic texts. In them, Biruni treats applications of the astrolabe, an astronomical instrument used for timekeeping by the sun and stars as well as for other purposes. We provide a critical edition of the Arabic texts of both treatises, a complete English translation of the more complicated of the two, a summary of the other, introductions, and commentaries.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Utrecht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Hogendijk, Jan, Primary supervisor
Award date25 Sept 2019
Place of PublicationUtrecht
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-393-7164-0
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Biruni
  • astrolabe
  • history of astronomy
  • history of science
  • Islamic sciences

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