Transverse Momentum Differential Global Analysis of Heavy-Ion Collisions

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The understanding of heavy ion collisions and its quark-gluon plasma (QGP) formation requires a complicated interplay of rich physics in a wealth of experimental data. In this work we compare for identified particles the transverse momentum dependence of both the yields and the anisotropic flow coefficients for both PbPb and pPb collisions. We do this in a global model fit including a free streaming prehydrodynamic phase with variable velocity vfs, thereby widening the scope of initial conditions. During the hydrodynamic phase we vary three second order transport coefficients. The free streaming velocity has a preference slightly below the speed of light. In this extended model the QGP bulk viscosity is small and even consistent with zero.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202301
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021


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