Toward an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Research Program

Bernd Wurth*, Erik Stam, Ben Spigel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Entrepreneurial ecosystems have become a prominent concept, yet in its current state, the concept itself represents a paradox. While it draws on a rich intellectual history and provides an opportunity to synthesize different strands of research, it is also under-theorized and the mechanisms that govern ecosystem evolution are not well understood. This paper takes stock of recent advancements in ecosystem scholarship and synthesizes the empirical reality of the causal mechanisms. We use these dynamics to position ecosystems in a broader context, within and beyond the domain of entrepreneurship research, and propose a transdisciplinary research program for ecosystem research and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-778
Number of pages50
JournalEntrepreneurship: Theory and Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • causal mechanisms
  • context
  • entrepreneurial ecosystems
  • entrepreneurship
  • research program


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