Total Survey Error for Longitudinal Surveys

Peter Lynn, P.J. Lugtig

Research output: Working paperAcademic


This article describes the application of the total survey error paradigm to longitudinal
surveys. Several aspects of survey error, and of the interactions between different types
of error, are distinct in the longitudinal survey context. Furthermore, error trade-off
decisions in survey design and implementation are subject to some unique
considerations. Previous literature on total survey error mostly fails to explicitly consider
uniquely longitudinal issues. We aim to show how uniquely longitudinal sources of error
in surveys should be understood within the Total Survey Error framework and we
provide examples of studies of some of the unique interactions between errors.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationColchester, UK
VolumeUnderstanding Society working paper
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2016


  • between-wave intervals
  • data collection mode
  • following rules
  • questionnaire design
  • specification error
  • survey error components


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