Toluene-induced, Ca2+-dependent vesicular catecholamine release in rat PC12 cells

R.H.S. Westerink, H.P.M. Vijverberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Acute effects of toluene on vesicular catecholamine release from intact PC12 phaeochromocytoma cells have been
investigated using carbon fiber microelectrode amperometry. The frequency of vesicles released is low under basal
conditions and is enhanced by depolarization. Toluene causes an increase in basal release frequency. The threshold
effect is obtained at 30 mM toluene and the maximum enhancement of basal release is seven-fold at 1 mM toluene.
Toluene-induced exocytosis depends on the influx of Ca21 through voltage-activated Ca21 channels, which are blocked
by Cd21. Toluene neither affects depolarization-evoked exocytosis, nor the characteristics of release events. It is
concluded that toluene-induced vesicular catecholamine release is due to an increase in intracellular Ca21 concentration,
whereas basic processes underlying exocytosis do not appear to be affected by toluene at concentrations up to 300 mM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-84
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Rat phaeochromocytoma cells
  • Vesicular catecholamine release
  • Carbon fiber microelectrode amperometry
  • Volatile organic solvent
  • Calcium
  • Cadmium


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