Tolerance of Muslim minority identity enactment: The roles of social context, type of action and cultural continuity concern

Evi Velthuis*, Jolanda Van der Noll, Maykel Verkuyten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

There have been strong debates in many European countries about religious identity enactment of Muslims, with the wearing of the headscarf in public places being a central symbolic topic. This study investigated the importance of the context (private versus three public contexts) for tolerance of Muslim identity enactment (e.g., the wearing of headscarves) among a national sample of Dutch majority group members. Using an experimental design, it was found that tolerance was highest in the private context, followed by the street context and then the contexts of work. Furthermore and in all contexts, tolerance of Muslims persuading others to start enacting their religious identity in a similar way was lower than tolerance of identity enactment itself. Moreover, both types of tolerance were found to differ by context only for majority members who were highly concerned about the continuity of their ingroup's cultural identity (i.e., cultural continuity). It is concluded that context-related and action-related variance, as well as cultural continuity, are important for majority members' tolerance of Muslim minority identity enactment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)860-871
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • cultural continuity concern
  • headscarf
  • religious identity enactment
  • social context
  • tolerance

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