The U-Shaped Curve in the Low Countries: A Replication Study.

F.H. Haanstra, M-L Damen, M. van Hoorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Abstract The U-curve model of graphic development posits a decline in aesthetic production in middle childhood. This model has been criticized as reflecting a preference of the modernist style in Western art and a number of studies have tried to confirm or disprove its assumptions. This study is a partial replication of previous research in this field. To this end artists, art educators, adult non-artists and children judged drawings by children and adults from five different age groups (5, 8, 11, 14 years olds), adult non-artists and artists. Subjects were asked to draw a self-portrait and to make a ‘sad’ drawing. Outcomes show that in contrast to adult non-artists and children, many art trained judges still hold a modernist view.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalVisual Arts Research
Issue number72
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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