The Relevance of Trauma and Re-experiencing in PTSD, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders

R.A. Jongedijk, M.F. van Vreeswijk, J.W. Knipscheer, R.J. Kleber, P.A. Boelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

How traumatic events (TEs) should be defined, and how specific TEs are for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were examined in a general mental health care population. Three definitions of TEs were defined, according to the PTSD criteria of DSM-IV. Half of the sample reported any TE, with a high prevalence of TEs among non-PTSD disorders. Previous mental health care, female gender, and the likelihood of assigning PTSD were associated with more severe trauma definitions. Reexperiencing symptoms were especially common among mood disorders. The implications for treatment are discussed and an alternative, dimensional definition of trauma has been proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-420
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Loss & Trauma
Volume28
Issue number4
Early online date2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Traumatic event
  • traumatic stress
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • mood disorder
  • intrusion

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