The One and Only: Single-Bidding in Public Procurement

Vitezslav Titl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Working paperAcademic


Approximately 23% of public procurement contracts in the European Union are awarded to the sole firm that submits a bid. The public procurement contracts market constitutes around one-seventh of GDP in developed countries, rendering any inefficiencies on this market a firstorder problem. In this paper, I exploit a unique reform implemented in the Czech Republic that made it impossible to award contracts with only one bid and. Using a difference-indifferences strategy on the dataset of all public procurement contracts, I first show that the reform reduced prices by 10% relative to the estimated costs for single-bid public procurement contracts. Second, I provide evidence that procuring authorities started to provide significantly longer descriptions of procurement contracts and extended the timeframe for firms to prepare their bids. Last, I show that the prices of procurement contracts supplied by politically connected and anonymously owned firms were not reduced after the reform. The main contribution of this paper lies in estimating the savings attributable
to the ban on single-bidding in public procurement.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUtrecht University
Number of pages45
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Publication series

NameU.S.E. Working Papers Series
PublisherUtrecht University
ISSN (Electronic)2666-8238


  • Single-bidding
  • Public procurement
  • Political connections
  • Corruption


Dive into the research topics of 'The One and Only: Single-Bidding in Public Procurement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this