The Effect of Simple Emotional Gesturing in a Socially Assistive Robot on Child's Engagement at a Group Vaccination Day

Anouk Neerincx, Jessica Leven, Pieter Wolfert, Maartje M.A. De Graaf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Children encounter high levels of stress and anxiety before receiving medical treatment, such as a vaccination. This paper explores the efect of emotional gesturing in socially assistive robots (SARs) on children's observed and self-reported engagement, as well as self-reported anxiety, fear, and trust during a group vaccination. A total of 249 children interacted with the social robot iPal before and after receiving the vaccine. Our results show an overall positive efect of adding emotional gestures to a SAR's interaction behavior leading to increased engagement and lower anxiety, while increased engagement also resulted in trusting the robot more. Thus, adding emotional gestures during child-robot interaction is a powerful way to improve the child's experience during a group vaccination day.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHRI '23: Proceedings of the 2023 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages162-171
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450399647
ISBN (Print)9781450399647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2023
Event18th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2023 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 13 Mar 202316 Mar 2023

Conference

Conference18th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2023
Country/TerritorySweden
CityStockholm
Period13/03/2316/03/23

Keywords

  • child-robot interaction
  • emotional gestures
  • feld study

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