The climate-oceans nexus: Oceans in the climate regime, climate in the oceans regime

Rozemarijn Roland Holst

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


This chapter points out that, despite the many biophysical connections between oceans and climate, until very recently the oceans have been largely absent from international negotiations on combatting climate change. Where oceans are starting to find their way into international efforts to address climate change is in countries’ so-called nationally determined contributions – their action pledges – to the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. While the oceans regime is adaptive enough to incorporate considerations of climate change to some extent, this chapter argues that cumulative impacts of climate change expose the weaknesses of approaching the management of different forms of ocean pollution independently. There are opportunities to overcome this sectoral approach within both the oceans and climate regimes, but coordination is still lacking. Neither regime by itself is up to the task of effectively managing ocean challenges exacerbated by climate change, so ‘purposeful coordination’ will become increasingly necessary and urgent.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Marine Governance and Global Environmental Change
EditorsPaul G. Harris
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781315149745
ISBN (Print)9781138555914
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2022


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