The AntSMB dataset: A comprehensive compilation of surface mass balance field observations over the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Yetang Wang*, Minghu Ding, Carleen H. Reijmer, Paul C.J.P. Smeets, Shugui Hou, Cunde Xiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A comprehensive compilation of observed records is needed for accurate quantification of surface mass balance (SMB) over Antarctica, which is a key challenge for calculation of Antarctic contribution to global sea level change. Here, we present the AntSMB dataset: a new quality-controlled dataset of a variety of published field measurements of the Antarctic Ice Sheet SMB by means of stakes, snow pits, ice cores, ultrasonic sounders, and ground-penetrating radar (GPR). The dataset collects 3579 individual multi-year-averaged observations, 687 annually resolved time series from 675 sites extending back over the past 1000 years, and daily resolved records covering 245 years from 32 sites across the whole ice sheet. These records are derived from ice cores, snow pits, stakes/stake farms, and ultrasonic sounders. Furthermore, GPR multi-year-averaged measurements are included in the dataset, covering an area of 22g025gkm2. This is the first ice-sheet-scale compilation of SMB records at different temporal (daily, annual, and multi-year) resolutions from multiple types of measurement and is available at 10.11888/Glacio.tpdc.271148 (Wang et al., 2021). The database has potentially wide applications such as the investigation of temporal and spatial variability in SMB, model validation, assessment of remote sensing retrievals, and data assimilation. As a case of model estimation, records of the AntSMB dataset are used to assess the performance of ERA5 for temporal and spatial variability in SMB over Antarctica.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3057-3074
Number of pages18
JournalEarth System Science Data
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2021

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