Temperature dependent Cr3+ photoluminescence in garnets of the type X3Sc2Ga3O12 (X = Lu, Y, Gd, La)

Beata Malysa*, Andries Meijerink, Thomas Jüstel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Broad band near-infrared (NIR) light sources have great potential, e.g., in optical communication and non-invasive medical imaging. Here we report the optical properties of X3Sc2Ga3O12 (X = Lu, Y, Gd, La) garnets doped with Cr3+ showing efficient 4T24A2 broad band NIR emission between 600 and 1000 nm. The chromium-doped garnets were investigated in view of their capability for blue to NIR conversion in high power phosphor converted LEDs (pcLEDs). Typical high power (In,Ga)N LEDs reach junction temperatures up to 450 K. Hence, the photoluminescence (PL) quenching temperature is a crucial parameter for on-chip phosphors. The Cr3+-doped garnets reveal very high quenching temperatures for the broad band NIR emission, ~ 700 K for Lu3Sc2Ga3O12, Y3Sc2Ga3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and 450 K for La3Sc2Ga3O12. The high quenching temperatures are in line with a small Stokes shift (~ 2400 cm−1) and weak electron-phonon coupling. To gain further insight in the luminescence properties, low temperature photoluminescence measurements were done. The optical properties of Cr3+ ions in garnets were analyzed in terms of the crystal field strength, Racah parameters, and phonon coupling parameters. The suitability for application in pcLEDs for high power broad band NIR sources was confirmed by emission measurements of ceramic pellets upon blue LED excitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-531
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • 3d-3d emission
  • Cr photoluminescence
  • Garnets
  • Near infrared emitting phosphors
  • On-chip phosphor
  • Phosphor converted LEDs
  • Racah parameters
  • Thermal quenching


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