Talking Neolithic: The Case for Hatto-Minoan and its relation to Sumerian

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It is argued that the Minoan language of second-millennium BC Crete stands a good chance of being descended from the language that was imported into Crete by the earliest farmers that colonized the Island in the 7th millennium BC. Evidence is presented that links Minoan to the Hattic language of second- millennium BC northern Anatolia. An analysis of the Hattic verbal system supports the hypothesis that in turn Hattic is related to Sumerian. The existence of a Hatto-Sumero-Minoan language family is posited, which predates the expansions of Semitic and Indo-European in the Near East and which is implicated in the spread of migrant farmers into Europe. A word for ’pig’ is reconstructed for that language family.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTalking Neolithic
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the workshop on Indo-European originsheld at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, December 2-3, 2013
EditorsGuus Kroonen et alii
Place of PublicationWashington D.C.
PublisherJournal of Indo-European Studies
Number of pages39
ISBN (Print)9780998366920, 9780984535347
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameJournal of Indo-European studies monograph series


  • Neolithic
  • Hattian
  • Minoan
  • Sumerian


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