Take it personally. Personalized Medicine: past, present and future

M. Moridiani, A.H. Maitland-van der Zee, H. Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Looking at the history of medicine use, it is clear that personalized medicine has always
been practiced. Physicians took patients’ age, gender and the state of health
and disease affecting major organs such as liver and kidneys into consideration when
deciding to prescribe a medicine. In oncology, samples were taken from the tumor
site and examined under microscope for pathological examination and then a therapeutic
plan or surgery was decided based on the observations made on that sample
obtained from the tumor of an individual. Therefore, personalized medicine is not a
new field. It has been always here. Practitioners always took into account the mental,
physical, spiritual and emotional aspects of their individual patients. Pharaohs and
Kings had personal physicians so that they could receive the best possible medical
care tailored to their individual needs according to standard of care of the time.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Pharmacy Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

Cite this