Tailoring Gamification for Adolescents: A Validation Study of Big Five and Hexad in Dutch

Jeroen Ooge, Robin De Croon, Katrien Verbert, Vero Vanden Abeele

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Gamification researchers deem adolescents a particularly interesting audience for tailored gamification. However, empirical validation of popular player typologies and personality trait models thus far has been limited to adults. As adolescents exhibit complex behaviours that differ from older adults, these models may need adaptation. To that end, we collected a unique data set of Big Five Inventory and Hexad questionnaire answers in Dutch from 402 adolescents. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the Dutch forms of the BFI-10, BFI-44 and Hexad scales performed substandard when used with adolescents. Through exploratory factor analysis, we investigated underlying problems, and provide preliminary suggestions on how to improve measurements. In particular, we propose to simplify the Hexad model, and to reformulate specific items. With this study, we hope to contribute to the debate on how to improve the tailoring of interactive systems for adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI PLAY 2020 - Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages206-218
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380744
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2020
Event7th ACM SIGCHI Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play, CHI PLAY 2020 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: 2 Nov 20204 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameCHI PLAY 2020 - Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play

Conference

Conference7th ACM SIGCHI Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play, CHI PLAY 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVirtual, Online
Period2/11/204/11/20

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • big five
  • gameful design
  • gamification
  • hexad
  • personalisation
  • scale validation
  • tailoring

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