Stress at work, social support and companionship: Towards an event-contingent recording approach

Bram P. Buunk, Maria C.W. Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

After outlining a taxonomy of perspectives on social support, the literature on the direct and buffer effects of social support with respect to occupational stress is reviewed. It is noted that negative direct and buffer effects of support are frequently observed. Methodological and theoretical explanations for these contradictory findings are presented. It is argued that a different methodological approach is needed to examine such explanations. Three studies–among police officers, secretaries, and correctional officers–are briefly described in which the Daily Interaction Record in Organizations (DIRO) was used. With this event-contingent recording method, social interactions and stressful events are assessed over a period of 5 days, allowing the detailed examination of the processes involved in supportive interactions, and of the effects of such processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-190
Number of pages14
JournalWork and Stress
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Bufer effects
  • Companionship
  • Event-contingent recording
  • Occupational stress
  • Social support

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