Simultaneous Immunoglobulin A and G Glycopeptide Profiling for High-Throughput Applications

Ana Momčilović, Noortje de Haan, Agnes L Hipgrave Ederveen, Albert Bondt, Carolien A M Koeleman, David Falck, Louise A de Neef, Wilma E Mesker, Rob Tollenaar, Arnoud de Ru, Peter van Veelen, Manfred Wuhrer, Viktoria Dotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Immunoglobulin (Ig) glycosylation is recognized for its influence on Ig turnover and effector functions. However, the large-scale profiling of Ig glycosylation in a biomedical setting is challenged by the existence of different Ig isotypes and subclasses, their varying serum concentrations, and the presence of multiple glycosylation sites per Ig. Here, a high-throughput nanoliquid chromatography (LC)- mass spectrometry (MS)-based method for simultaneous analysis of IgG and IgA glycopeptides was developed and applied on a serum sample set from 185 healthy donors. Sample preparation from minute amounts of serum was performed in 96-well plate format. Prior to trypsin digestion, IgG and IgA were enriched simultaneously, followed by a one-step denaturation, reduction, and alkylation. The obtained nanoLC-MS data were subjected to semiautomated, targeted feature integration and quality control. The combined and simplified protocol displayed high overall method repeatability, as assessed using pooled plasma and serum standards. Taking all samples together, 143 individual N- and O-glycopeptides were reliably quantified. These glycopeptides were attributable to 11 different peptide backbones, derived from IgG1, IgG2/3, IgG4, IgA1, IgA2, and the joining chain from dimeric IgA. Using this method, novel associations were found between IgA N- and O-glycosylation and age. Furthermore, previously reported associations of IgG Fc glycosylation with age in healthy individuals were confirmed. In conclusion, the new method paves the way for high-throughput multiprotein plasma glycoproteomics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4518-4526
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


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