Simulation of outbreak mechanisms of respiratory disease in finishing pigs caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

T.J. Tobias, D. Klinkenberg, A. Bouma, L.A.M.G. van Leengoed, J.A. Stegeman

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterOther research output

    Abstract

    Infection with A. pleuropneumoniae may result in clinically diseased pigs as well as non-diseased carrier pigs. However, what actually happens during an acute outbreak episode of pleuropneumonia is unclear. The aim of this study is to test two potential underlying mechanisms for such outbreaks, by identifying conditions for occurrence of such outbreaks under these mechanisms, using mathematical modelling. The first mechanism assumes that a common risk factor causes all cases directly by changing the host pathogen interaction in already colonised pigs (trigger mechanism). The second mechanism assumes that a transmission chain is started by the first case, inducing disease in the infected contact pigs (transmission mechanism). First, a characteristic outbreak of pleuropneumonia was defined by conducting a review of the literature; defining an outbreak at 12 weeks of age and affecting 50% of animals and lasting 4 days. Simple mathematical models showed that a characteristic outbreak could be caused under both mechanisms. However, the transmission mechanism needed a 50 times higher transmission rate for diseased pigs than described in literature for colonised pigs. Furthermore, the trigger mechanism showed that outbreaks in young pigs must be rare, as these are not yet colonised, which is supported by literature. We conclude that outbreaks of A. pleuropneumoniae on endemic farms are most likely explained by exposure of already infected pigs to a trigger. This may imply that management on farms has to focus on reducing transmission by colonised pigs and by preventing the occurrence of a trigger.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2015
    Event7th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management - Nantes, France
    Duration: 22 Apr 201524 Apr 2015

    Conference

    Conference7th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management
    Country/TerritoryFrance
    CityNantes
    Period22/04/1524/04/15

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