Self-Reported Stressors in Early Adolescence: The Role of Educational Track and Ethnic Background

Simone Vogelaar*, Anne C. Miers, Nadira Saab, Amanda W. G. van Loon, Hanneke E. Creemers, Jessica J. Asscher, P. Michiel Westenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study aimed to identify overall stress and salient stressors experienced by adolescents from different education tracks and self-perceived ethnic backgrounds. A total of 1489 adolescents (M = 13.40 years; SD = 0.89 years) from nine Dutch secondary schools participated. Self-reported stressors were measured with the adapted version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire - Short. After controlling for age, gender, country of birth, and school classes, results showed that overall stress did not differ for educational track nor for ethnic background subgroups. Adolescents in academic education reported more stress from school-related stressors than adolescents attending vocational education. Adolescents with a mixed ethnic background (i.e., Dutch and another ethnicity) reported more stress regarding school-related stressors than adolescents with a Dutch ethnic background. These differences between adolescents of different educational tracks and ethnic backgrounds have implications for intervention programs targeting specific stressors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-428
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Issue number4
Early online date15 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Salient stressors
  • early secondary education
  • educational track
  • self-perceived ethnic background
  • young adolescents


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