Self and social identity

Naomi Ellemers, Russell Spears, Bertjan Doosje

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In this chapter, we examine the self and identity by considering the different conditions under which these are affected by the groups to which people belong. From a social identity perspective we argue that group commitment, on the one hand, and features of the social context, on the other hand, are crucial determinants of central identity concerns. We develop a taxonomy of situations to reflect the different concerns and motives that come into play as a result of threats to personal and group identity and degree of commitment to the group. We specify for each cell in this taxonomy how these issues of self and social identity impinge upon a broad variety of responses at the perceptual, affective, and behavioral level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-186
Number of pages26
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002


  • Ego
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Social Environment
  • Social Identification


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