Risk assessment of fungal materials

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Sustainable fungal materials have a high potential to replace non-sustainable materials such as those used for packaging or as an alternative for leather and textile. The properties of fungal materials depend on the type of fungus and substrate, the growth conditions and post-treatment of the material. So far, fungal materials are mainly made with species from the phylum Basidiomycota, selected for the mechanical and physical properties they provide. However, for mycelium materials to be implemented in society on a large scale, selection of fungal species should also be based on a risk assessment of the potential to be pathogenic, form mycotoxins, attract insects, or become an invasive species. Moreover, production processes should be standardized to ensure reproducibility and safety of the product.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Pages (from-to)1-20
JournalFungal Biology and Biotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Biobased material
  • Fungal material
  • Fungus
  • Mushroom forming fungus
  • Mycelium material
  • Pathogenic fungus


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