Relativistic hydrodynamic simulation of jet deceleration in GRB

Z. Meliani, R. Keppens, F. Casse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic


Using the novel adaptive mesh refinement code, AMRVAC, we investigate the interaction between collimated ejecta (jetlike fireball models with various opening angle) with its surrounding cold Interstellar Medium (ISM). This is relevant for Gamma Ray Bursts, and we demonstrate that, thanks to the AMR strategy, we resolve the internal structure of the shocked shell-ISM matter. We determine the deceleration from an initial Lorentz factor = 100 up to the almost Newtonian ~(3) phase of the flow. We discuss the effect of varying the opening angle on the deceleration, and pay attention to differences with their 1D isotropic GRB equivalents. These are due to thermally induced sideways expansions of both shocked shell and shocked ISM regions. The propagating 2D ultrarelativistic shell does not accrete all the surrounding medium located within its initial opening angle. The difference with isotropic GRB models is quite pronounced for shells with small opening angle. In the most collimated ejecta (open angle of 1 °), the deceleration phase (once the reverse shock has traversed the shell structure) shows distinct modulation, attributed to repeated rarefactions traversing the shell. These may have a clear impact on the emitted afterglow radiation.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationGAMMA-RAY BURSTS 2007: proceedings of the Santa Fe conference
EditorsM. Galassi, D. Palmer, E. Fenimore
Place of PublicationMelville, New York
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2007

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