Refugees’ Transition from Welfare to Work: A Quasi-Experimental Approach of the Impact of the Neighbourhood Context

Marcus H Kristiansen, Ineke Maas, Sanne Boschman, Cok Vrooman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study analyses the impact of the neighbourhood context on the likelihood that refugees move
from social assistance to paid employment. It makes use of Dutch policy that resulted in an exogenous placement of refugees in their first regular housing. This natural quasi-experiment allows us to estimate intent-to-treat effects of initial neighbourhood characteristics on the likelihood of transitioning
from welfare to work. We consider the impact of the employment share and the median level of income among natives and co-ethnics, using Dutch longitudinal administrative data and discrete time
event-history modelling. Our findings indicate that refugees are more likely to enter the labour market
when the neighbourhood’s employment share among natives is higher. A similar effect for employment among co-ethnics is not found. There is also no evidence that the placement of refugees in an
area with a higher median income among co-ethnics or natives facilitates the transition from welfare
to work.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234–251
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Sociological Review
Volume38
Issue number2
Early online date30 Sept 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Contacts
  • Ethnic-composition
  • Experience
  • Immigrant enclaves
  • Labor-market integration
  • Minorities
  • Natives
  • New-york
  • Outcomes evidence
  • Social networks

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