Reflections on gaze data in statistics education

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Gaze data are still uncommon in statistics education despite their promise. Gaze data provide teachers and researchers with a new window into complex cognitive processes. This article discusses how gaze data can inform and be used by teachers both for their own teaching practice and with students. With our own eye-tracking research as an example, background information on eye-tracking and possible applications of eye-tracking in statistics education is provided. Teachers indicated that our eye-tracking research created awareness of the difficulties students have when interpreting histograms. Gaze data showed details of students' strategies that neither teachers nor students were aware of. With this discussion paper, we hope to contribute to the future usage and implementation of gaze data in statistics education by teachers, researchers, educational and textbook designers, and students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S40-S51
Number of pages12
JournalTeaching Statistics
Issue numberS1
Early online dateJun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • eye-tracking
  • histogram
  • machine learning algorithm
  • teaching statistics


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