Quantitative resistance against Bemisia tabaci in Solanum pennellii: Genetics and metabolomics

Floor van den Oever-van den Elsen, Alejandro F. Lucatti, Sjaak van Heusden, Colette Broekgaarden, Roland Mumm, Marcel Dicke, Ben Vosman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is a serious threat in tomato cultivation worldwide as all varieties grown today are highly susceptible to this devastating herbivorous insect. Many accessions of the tomato wild relative Solanum pennellii show a high resistance towards B. tabaci. A mapping approach was used to elucidate the genetic background of whitefly-resistance related traits and associated biochemical traits in this species. Minor quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for whitefly adult survival (AS) and oviposition rate (OR) were identified and some were confirmed in an F2BC1 population, where they showed increased percentages of explained variance (more than 30%). Bulked segregant analyses on pools of whitefly-resistant and -susceptible F2 plants enabled the identification of metabolites that correlate either with resistance or susceptibility. Genetic mapping of these metabolites showed that a large number of them co-localize with whitefly-resistance QTLs. Some of these whitefly-resistance QTLs are hotspots for metabolite QTLs. Although a large number of metabolite QTLs correlated to whitefly resistance or susceptibility, most of them are yet unknown compounds and further studies are needed to identify the metabolic pathways and genes involved. The results indicate a direct genetic correlation between biochemical-based resistance characteristics and reduced whitefly incidence in S. pennellii.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-412
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Integrative Plant Biology
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Genetic linkage map
  • Life-history
  • Metabolic fingerprinting
  • Parameters
  • Tomato
  • Whitefly

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