Quantitative proteomics and differential protein abundance analysis after depletion of putative mrna receptors in the er membrane of human cells identifies novel aspects of mrna targeting to the er

Pratiti Bhadra, Stefan Schorr, Monika Lerner, Duy Nguyen, Johanna Dudek, Friedrich Förster, Volkhard Helms, Sven Lang, Richard Zimmermann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In human cells, one‐third of all polypeptides enter the secretory pathway at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The specificity and efficiency of this process are guaranteed by targeting of mRNAs and/or polypeptides to the ER membrane. Cytosolic SRP and its receptor in the ER membrane facilitate the cotranslational targeting of most ribosome‐nascent precursor polypeptide chain (RNC) complexes together with the respective mRNAs to the Sec61 complex in the ER membrane. Alternatively, fully synthesized precursor polypeptides are targeted to the ER membrane posttranslationally by either the TRC, SND, or PEX19/3 pathway. Furthermore, there is targeting of mRNAs to the ER membrane, which does not involve SRP but involves mRNA‐ or RNC‐binding proteins on the ER surface, such as RRBP1 or KTN1. Traditionally, the targeting reactions were studied in cell‐free or cellular assays, which focus on a single precursor polypeptide and allow the conclusion of whether a certain precursor can use a certain pathway. Recently, cellular approaches such as proximity‐based ribosome profiling or quantitative proteomics were employed to address the question of which precursors use certain pathways under physiological conditions. Here, we combined siRNA‐mediated depletion of putative mRNA receptors in HeLa cells with label‐free quantitative proteomics and differential protein abundance analysis to characterize RRBP1‐ or KTN1‐involving precursors and to identify possible genetic interactions between the various targeting pathways. Furthermore, we discuss the possible implications on the so‐called TIGER domains and critically discuss the pros and cons of this experimental approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3591
Pages (from-to)1-36
JournalMolecules
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Differential protein abundance analysis
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Label‐free quantitative mass spectrometry
  • Membrane protein insertion
  • MRNA targeting
  • Protein import
  • Protein targeting
  • Protein translocation
  • Sec61 complex
  • TIGER domain

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