Process evaluation of workplace health promotion in a sheltered workplace: a care ethics perspective

Hanneke van Heijster*, Jantien van Berkel, Minne Bakker, Cécile Boot, Emely de Vet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Despite the potential health benefits of workplace health promotion for employees in sheltered workplaces, participation is often limited. The aim of this study was (i) to understand this limited participation, and (ii) to find opportunities for adapting workplace health promotion, such that it better meets the needs of the target population. A responsive process evaluation of an extensive multi-component workplace health promotion program targeting lifestyle behaviors, financial behaviors, literacy and citizenship, was performed in a large, sheltered workplace in the Netherlands (>3500 employees). To understand the limited participation, interviews with employees (n = 8), supervisors (n = 7) and managers (n = 2), and 10 participant observations were performed. To find opportunities for improving workplace health promotion in the sheltered workplace, 7 dialogs with employees were performed (n = 30). The interview data on the barriers for participation were evaluated through the lens of care ethics, as this allowed to understand the role of various stakeholders in the limited participation, as well as the indirect role of the institutional context. Findings showed that participation in workplace health promotion could increase if it is organized in a way that it encourages employees to work on health together, allow to tailor activities to different needs and capabilities of employees, and connects activities to employees' daily lives. A strength of this study is that the responsive process evaluation focused both on barriers for participation, as well as on opportunities to increase participation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdaad031
JournalHealth Promotion International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • Humans
  • Workplace
  • Health Promotion
  • Life Style
  • Netherlands


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