Population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analysis to support treatment optimization of combination chemotherapy with indisulam and carboplatin

A.S. Zandvliet, J.H.M. Schellens, C. Dittrich, J. Wanders, J.H. Beijnen, A.D.R. Huitema

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Abstract

AIMS Indisulam and carboplatin have shown synergistic activity in preclinical studies. In a dose escalation study of the combination, a treatment delay was frequently required in a 3-weekly regimen to allow recovery from myelosuppression from previous cycles. A 4-weekly regimen was better tolerated, but had a decreased dose-intensity which may compromise efficacy. The aims of this study were (i) to develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model to describe the myelosuppressive effect of the combination, and (ii) to use this model to select a dosing regimen for Phase II evaluation. METHODS Sixteen patients were treated at four different dose levels of indisulam (1-h infusion on day 1) and carboplatin (30-min infusion on day 2). Pharmacokinetic data were analysed with nonlinear mixed effects modelling. A semiphysiological model describing chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression characterized the relationship between the pharmacokinetics and the haematological toxicity of indisulam and carboplatin. A simulation study was performed to evaluate the tolerability and dose-intensity for 3-weekly and 4-weekly treatment regimens. RESULTS The PK-PD model described the pharmacokinetics and the myelosuppressive effect of indisulam and carboplatin. The risk of a treatment delay at cycle 2 due to myelosuppression was unacceptably high (34-65%) in a 3-weekly regimen for various dose levels (350-600 mg m(-2) indisulam in combination with carboplatin to achieve an AUC of 4-6 mg min(-1) ml(-1)). This risk was acceptable for a 4-weekly regimen (9-24%), which is in line with the clinical study results. CONCLUSIONS This PK-PD study supports the selection of indisulam 500 mg m(-2) and a dose of carboplatin to achieve an AUC of 6 mg min(-1) ml(-1) in a 4-weekly regimen as the recommended dose for future studies.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)485-497
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume66
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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