Photochemistry of aqueous solutions of kynurenic acid and kynurenine yellow

E.A. Zelentsova, P.S. Sherin, O.A. Snytnikova, R. Kaptein, Y.P. Tsentalovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The photophysics and photochemistry of kynurenic acid (KNA) and kynurenine yellow (KNY) in neutral aqueous solutions were investigated using time-resolved optical spectroscopy. Both molecules have similar quinoline-like structures, the only difference being the absence of conjugation in the nitrogen containing cycle in KNY. The main channel of S1 excited state decay in the case of partially-unconjugated KNY is the solvent assisted S1 → S0 radiationless transition via intermolecular hydrogen bonds (ΦIC = 0.96), whereas, in the case of fully-conjugated KNA, it is intersystem crossing to the triplet state (ΦT = 0.82). The major intermediate products of the singlet excited KNY deactivation are the triplet state (ΦT = 0.022) and, most probably, the enol form (Φenol = 0.012), which decay with the formation of 2,3-dihydro-4-hydroxyquinoline and 4-hydroxyquinoline, respectively. The results obtained show that KNA and KNY, which are products of the decomposition of the UV filter kynurenine, are significantly more photoactive and less photostable than the parent molecule.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-558
Number of pages13
JournalPhotochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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