Personality judgements in adolescents' families: the perceiver, the target, their relationship, and the family

S.J.T. Branje, M.A.G. van Aken, I.J.Y. van Lieshout, J.J.P. Mathijssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study investigated whether personality judgments involve different processes in a family setting than in a nonfamily setting. We used the Social Relations Model to distinguish the effects of perceiver, target, perceiver‐target relationship, and family on personality judgments. Family members of families with adolescents judged their own and the other members' Big Five factors. Judgments were found to depend on the relevance of personality factors within the family setting: Agreeableness and Conscientiousness were judged most consistently. Large relationship variance indicated that parents adjust their judgments to the target family member; large perceiver variance indicated that adolescents judge family members' personalities rather similarly. However, a comparison of self‐ and other‐judgments showed adolescents' judgments to be no more related to their self‐perceptions than parents' judgments. We concluded that the relevance of personality factors may differ on specific tasks within a setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-81
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Personality
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


  • Niet-toepassingsgericht onderzoek
  • Pedagogy
  • Psychologie
  • Maatschappelijke structuren en relaties
  • Jeugd
  • Logic
  • Menswetenschappen
  • Psychologie (PSYC)
  • Pedagogie en Andragogie/Onderwijskunde (PEAN)
  • Sociale wetenschappen
  • Jeugdhulpverlening
  • Opvoeding binnen het gezin
  • Adolescent and child psychology,m,m,
  • Ontwikkelingspsychologie
  • Overig maatschappelijk onderzoek
  • Jeugd, puberteit, adolescentie
  • Construerende Technische Wetenschappen
  • Psychology
  • Pedagogiek


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