Patterns of contingent teaching in teacher-student interaction

Janneke van de Pol, M.L.L. Volman, Jos Beishuizen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study aimed at investigating the process of scaffolding in a naturalistic setting with focus on a key aspect of scaffolding, namely contingency. Three Social Studies teachers in innovative prevocational schools were observed and interviewed. A coding scheme for the measurement of scaffolding was developed which revealed different patterns of contingent and non-contingent teaching amongst the teachers. In general these teachers of innovative schools showed little contingent teaching. Not adapting the support to students’ current understanding and barely diagnosing the students’ understanding appeared to be characteristic of this scarcity of non-contingent teaching.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
JournalLearning and Instruction
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


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