Novel role of cPLA2α in membrane and actin dynamics

M.J.A. Moes, J. Boonstra, E.E. Regan-Klapisz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Actin-directed processes such as membrane ruffling and cell migration are regulated by specific signal transduction pathways that become activated by growth factor receptors. The same signaling pathways that lead to modifications in actin dynamics also activate cPLA2α. Moreover, arachidonic acid, the product of cPLA2α activity, is involved in regulation of actin dynamics. Therefore, it was investigated whether cPLA2α plays a role in actin dynamics, more specifically during growth factor-induced membrane ruffling and cell migration. Upon stimulation of ruffling and cell migration by growth factors, endogenous cPLA2α and its active phosphorylated form were shown to relocate at protrusions of the cell membrane involved in actin and membrane dynamics. Inhibition of cPLA2α activity with specific inhibitors blocked growth factor-induced membrane and actin dynamics, suggesting an important role for cPLA2α in these processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1547-1557
Number of pages11
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 2010


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