No topoisomerase I alteration in a neuroblastoma model with in vivo acquired resistance to irinotecan.

L Calvet, A Santos, A Valent, MJ Terrier-Lacombe, P Opolon, JL Merlin, G Aubert, J Morizet, J.H.M. Schellens, J Benard, G Vassal

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CPT-11 (irinotecan) is a DNA-topoisomerase I inhibitor with preclinical activity against neuroblastoma (NB) xenografts. The aim was to establish in vivo an NB xenograft resistant to CPT-11 in order to study the resistance mechanisms acquired in a therapeutic setting. IGR-NB8 is an immature NB xenograft with MYCN amplification and 1p deletion, which is sensitive to CPT-11. Athymic mice bearing advanced-stage subcutaneous tumours were treated with CPT-11 (27 mg kg(-1) day(-1) x 5) every 21 days (1 cycle) for a maximum of four cycles. After tumour regrowth, a new in vivo passage was performed and the CPT-11 treatment was repeated. After the third passage, a resistant xenograft was obtained (IGRNB8-R). The tumour growth delay (TGD) was reduced from 115 at passage 1 to 40 at passage 4 and no complete or partial regression was observed. After further exposure to the drug, up to 28 passages, the resistant xenograft was definitively established with a TGD from 17 at passage 28. Resistant tumours reverted to sensitive tumours after 15 passages without treatment. IGR-NB8-R remained sensitive to cyclophosphamide and cisplatin and cross-resistance was observed with the topoisomerase I inhibitor topotecan. No quantitative or qualitative topoisomerase I modifications were observed. The level of expression of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1), MDR-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and, breast cancer resistance protein, three members of the ATP-binding cassette transporter family was not modified over passages. Our results suggest a novel resistance mechanism, probably not involving the mechanisms usually observed in vitro.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1205-12
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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