New inorganic (an)ion exchangers based on Mg–Al hydrous oxides: (Alkoxide-free) sol–gel synthesis and characterisation

N. Chubar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

New inorganic ion exchangers based on double Mg–Al hydrous oxides were generated via the new non-traditional sol–gel synthesis method which avoids using metal alkoxides as raw materials. Surface chemical and adsorptive properties of the final products were controlled by several ways of hydrogels and xerogels treatments which produced the materials of the layered structure, mixed hydrous oxides or amorphous adsorbents. The final adsorptive materials obtained via thermal treatment of xerogels were the layered mesoporous materials with carbonate in the interlayer space, surface abundance with hydroxylic groups and maximum adsorptive capacity to arsenate. Higher affinity of Mg–Al hydrous oxides towards is confirmed by steep adsorption isotherms having plateau (removal capacity) at 220 mg[As] for the best sample at pH = 7, fast adsorption kinetics and little pH effect. Adsorption of arsenite, fluoride, bromate, bromide, selenate, borate by Mg–Al hydrous oxides was few times high either competitive (depending on the anion) as compare with the conventional inorganic ion exchange adsorbents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-209
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume357
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'New inorganic (an)ion exchangers based on Mg–Al hydrous oxides: (Alkoxide-free) sol–gel synthesis and characterisation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this