Nature and frequency of prescription modifications in community pharmacies: A nationwide study in the Netherlands

W. E. van Loon, S. D. Borgsteede, G. W. Baas, M. Kruijtbosch, H. Buurma, P. A.G.M.Peter De Smet, A. C.G. Egberts, M. Bouvy, A. Floor-Schreudering*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the nature and frequency of prescription modifications in Dutch community pharmacies. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Dutch community pharmacists documented prescription modifications in their pharmacy during 1 predetermined day. Pharmacists from all Dutch community pharmacies were invited to participate. A prescription modification was defined as any modification in a prescription for a medicine or other healthcare product because of an administrative problem, logistic issue or potential drug-related problem (DRP). All documented modifications were assessed to establish the nature and frequency of prescription modifications. Results: Pharmacists in 275 pharmacies completed the study. A modification was performed in 5.5% of all prescriptions. 1.3% of the prescriptions contained an administrative problem, of which insufficient specification of the dosing regimen was most common (63.1%). A modification was performed due to a logistic issue in 2.4% of the prescriptions. The most frequently recorded issues were unavailability of medication (40.9%) and obligatory product substitutions due to reimbursement policies (33.2%). A modification was performed in 1.8% of the prescriptions to solve or prevent potential DRPs. Of these, 69.2% was potentially clinically relevant according to the pharmacist concerned. The most frequently prevented potential DRP was an incorrect strength or dose (31.9%). Conclusion: Dutch community pharmacists modified almost 1 in 20 prescriptions per pharmacy. The nature of the modifications reflects current community pharmacy practice, in which pharmacists frequently deal with logistic issues and intervene to solve or prevent for DRPs several times a day. The majority of the DRPs were considered to be potentially clinically relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1455-1465
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume87
Issue number3
Early online date9 Sept 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • community pharmacy
  • drug-related problems
  • interventions
  • medication errors
  • medication safety
  • pharmacists
  • prescribing errors
  • prescription modifications
  • primary health care

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