National Transparency Regimes: Rules or Principles? A Comparative Analysis of the United States and The Netherlands

Erna Ruijer*, Albert Meijer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Technology development and democratization have been identified as the general drivers of the worldwide thrust in transparency. But what transparency regimes do these drivers generate in different countries? This mixed method study indicates that national regimes are different due to pre-existing institutional differences and critical junctures in the historical development of transparency regimes. Our analysis shows that the U.S. transparency regime can be characterized as a rules-based approach while a principles-based transparency regime prevails in the Netherlands. This article nuances the debate about the global character of transparency and highlights two different outcomes of the push for transparency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-908
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2016

Keywords

  • Freedom of Information
  • Netherlands
  • Rules and Principles
  • Transparency regimes
  • United States

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