Microsecond time scale dynamics in the RXR DNA-binding domain from a combination of spin-echo and off-resonance rotating frame relaxation measurements

F A Mulder, P J van Tilborg, R Kaptein, R Boelens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Slow protein dynamics can be studied by 15N spin-echo (CPMG) and off-resonance rotating frame relaxation through the effective field dependence of the exchange-mediated relaxation contribution. It is shown that, by a combination of these complementary techniques, a more extended sampling of the microsecond time scale processes is achieved than by either method alone. 15N R2 and improved off-resonance R1 rho experiments [Mulder et al. (1998) J. Magn. Reson., 131, 351-357] were applied to the 9-cis-retinoic acid receptor DNA-binding domain and allowed the identification of 14 residues exhibiting microsecond time scale dynamics. Assuming exchange between two conformational substates, average lifetimes ranging from 37 to 416 microseconds, and chemical shift differences of up to 3 ppm were obtained. The largest perturbation of tertiary structure was observed for the second zinc finger region, which was found to be disordered in the solution structure [Holmbeck et al. (1998) J. Mol. Biol., 281, 271-284]. Since this zinc-coordinating domain comprises the principal dimerization interface for RXR in a wide repertoire of complexes with different hormone receptors to their cognate response elements, this finding has important implications for our understanding of nuclear receptor assembly on DNA direct repeats. The flexibility observed for the dimerization domain may explain how RXR, through the ability to adaptively interact with a wide variety of highly homologous partner molecules, demonstrates such a versatile DNA-binding repertoire.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-88
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomolecular NMR
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Dimerization
  • Hydrogen
  • Kinetics
  • Nitrogen Isotopes
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Retinoic Acid
  • Retinoid X Receptors
  • Rotation
  • Solutions
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription Factors
  • Zinc

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