Method and tool to assess the environmental impacts of cyber-physical systems with a life-cycle approach

Felix Schöllhammer*, Cortes-Cornax Mario, Paula Lago, Vijanti Ramautar, Claudia Roncancio, Sietse Overbeek, Sergio España*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


The increasing environmental footprint of the information and communication technology sector calls for innovative strategies for assessing and improving its sustainability. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methods are suitable for estimating the negative environmental impacts of products or services. While some LCA methods start to be applied during the engineering of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), some challenges remain unresolved. For instance, the energy consumption, and therefore the greenhouse gas emissions, of CPS is influenced by the specific configuration of components in their architecture, as well as by the geographical location where the components are deployed. Also, the skills and efforts required by LCA projects, remain prohibitive to many CPS engineering projects. This paper presents an LCA-based method tailored for CPS that facilitates the analysis of the environmental impact and the comparison of architectural and location variants. Moreover, we have developed a supporting tool that guides the process and automates part of the data collection activity. Through an illustrative case and expert assessment, we have been able to assess the benefits and drawbacks of our proposal. With these contributions, we hope to lower the barrier to adopting LCA practices in CPS engineering projects, both in industry and academia.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJoint Proceedings of RCIS 2024 Workshops and Research Projects Track, co-located with the 18th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS 2024), Guimarães, Portugal, May 14-17, 2024
EditorsJoão Araújo, Jose Luis de la Vara , Nelly Condori-Fernández, Jean-Michel Bruel, Maribel Yasmina Santos, Saïd Assar, Katrien de Moor, Mohamad Gharib, Tong Li, João Paulo Barros, Isabel Sofia Brito, Ivan Machado, Dimitris Karagiannis, Tiago Prince Sales, Camille Salinesi
Place of PublicationAachen, Germany, EU
PublisherSun SITE Central Europe
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2024

Publication series

NameCEUR Workshop Proceedings


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