Mainstreaming biodiversity targets into sectoral policies and plans: A review from a Biodiversity Policy Integration perspective

Hens Runhaar*, Fabian Pröbstl, Felician Heim, Elsa Cardona Santos, Joachim Claudet, Lyda Dik, Guilherme de Queiroz-Stein, Agnes Zolyomi, Yves Zinngrebe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The integration or mainstreaming of biodiversity targets in sectoral policies and plans (BPI) is considered necessary for bending the curve of biodiversity loss. Scientific research on the actual performance of BPI is rather recent and fragmented. Based on a coding scheme, we systematically analyse international empirical BPI studies published in 43 international peer-reviewed journal papers. We show that, so far, overall levels of BPI are low, reflected in too abstract targets, add-on biodiversity policies not targeting the driving forces of biodiversity loss, and insufficient resources made available to pursue biodiversity recovery. Joint planning processes, the revision of policies for consistent and coherent incentives, and adaptive learning are identified as central factors for improving BPI, but considerable barriers in these areas undermine progress in BPI. A change in institutional settings seems necessary to provide more favourable conditions for BPI, including the assignment of less voluntary responsibilities for biodiversity recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100209
Number of pages13
JournalEarth System Governance
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Enablers
  • Governance
  • Nature
  • Policy integration

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