Liposomal drug delivery system for anti-inflammatory treatment after cataract surgery: a phase I/II clinical trial

Chee Wai Wong, Edmund Wong, Josbert M. Metselaar, Gert Storm, Tina T. Wong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Liposomes as a drug delivery system may overcome the problems associated with non-compliance to eyedrops and inadequate control of inflammation after cataract surgery. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a single subconjunctival injection of liposomal prednisolone phosphate (LPP) for the treatment of post-cataract surgery inflammation. This is a phase I/II, open-label non-comparative interventional trial of patients undergoing cataract surgery. All patients received a single injection of subconjunctival LPP intraoperatively. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of eyes with an anterior chamber cell count of 0 at postoperative month 1. Ocular and non-ocular adverse events, including elevated intraocular pressure, rebound iritis and pseudophakic macular edema were monitored. Five patients were enrolled in this study. The mean age was 66.6 ± 6.2 and 4 (80%) were male. The proportion of patients with AC cell grading of 0 was 0%, 80%, 80%, and 100% at day 1, week 1, month 1, and month 2 after cataract surgery, respectively. Mean laser flare photometry readings were significantly elevated at week 1 after cataract surgery (48.8 ± 18.9, p = 0.03) compared with baseline, decreasing to 25.8 ± 9.2 (p = 0.04) at month 1 and returned to baseline by month 2 (10.9 ± 5.1, p = 1.0). No ocular or non-ocular adverse events were observed. Liposomal prednisolone phosphate, administered as a single subconjunctival injection intraoperatively, can be a safe and effective treatment for post-cataract surgery inflammation. The delivery of steroids with a liposomal drug delivery system could potentially replace eyedrops as anti-inflammatory therapy following cataract surgery. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalDrug Delivery and Translational Research
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Cataract surgery
  • Drug delivery
  • Inflammation
  • Liposomal
  • Prednisolone phosphate

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