L’insoutenable légèreté d’être moine: introspection et réforme individuelle dans l’Œuvre de Smaragde et le Chronicon de Saint-Mihiel (IXe-XIe siècle)

Translated title of the contribution: The Unbearable Lightness of Being a Monk: Introspection and Individual Reform in the Works of Smaragdus and the Chronicle of Saint-Mihiel (9th-11th Centuries)

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Abstract

This essay takes a look at the construction of the legacy of the abbot Smaragdus of Saint-Mihiel (c. 760-c. 840), and
asks the question to what extent he could and should be remembered as a “reformer”. Based on the intellectual activi
-
ties and monastic practices of Smaragdus during his lifetime, and re-interpreting his biography in the eleventh-century
Chronicon S. Michaelis monasterii, my aim is to show that monastic thinkers in the Carolingian and post-Carolingian
world distinguished between institutional and individual reforms – and that teachers like Smaragdus were remembered
for their role in promoting this latter type of “reform”, which explicitly aimed at the moral perfection of Christians
rather than the improvement of institutions.
Translated title of the contributionThe Unbearable Lightness of Being a Monk: Introspection and Individual Reform in the Works of Smaragdus and the Chronicle of Saint-Mihiel (9th-11th Centuries)
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)203-218
JournalCahiers de Civilisation Medievale
Volume265
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • monachisme
  • Carolingiens
  • monde post-carolingien
  • Lotharingie
  • Smaragde de Saint-Mihiel
  • ixe siècle
  • xie siècle
  • réformes religieuses
  • éducation
  • historiographie
  • mémoire
  • communautés

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