Legal Framework for Sustainable Floating City Development: A Case Study of the Netherlands

Fen Yu Lin*, Otto Spijkers, Pernille van der Plank

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Sustainable floating city development has recently gained increasing popularity as a serious solution to climate change threats and land scarcity faced in urban areas. While many design and engineering aspects have been widely studied and tested, social acceptance and legal issues have been relatively underemphasized. The legal aspects of floating city development are multifaceted, contextual and rather complicated. It involves different scales and levels of legislation and branches of law. This paper aims to identify the current legal framework at different levels, as well as the knowledge gaps that still need to be filled in order to make living (i.e. human settlement) at sea possible and regulated. Taking the Netherlands as a host nation example for floating city development, the research investigates into the status-quo and future challenges regarding international law (United Nations Law of the Sea Convention [LOSC]), national laws and property law. The results shed light on the complex interrelations between different scales and levels of laws that need to be taken into account for expanding cities on water. Recommendations on future research and regulatory actions needed to overcome the challenges and facilitate the realization of sustainable floating city development are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCFS2020
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd World Conference on Floating Solutions, Rotterdam
EditorsLukasz Piatek, Soon Heng Lim, Chien Ming Wang, Rutger de Graaf-van Dinther
PublisherSpringer
Pages433-460
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9789811622557
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2nd World Conference on Floating Solutions, WCFS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 6 Oct 20208 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume158
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

Conference2nd World Conference on Floating Solutions, WCFS 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/10/208/10/20

Keywords

  • Floating city development
  • Legal framework
  • National law
  • Property law
  • United Nations Law of the Sea Convention

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