Late Neogene oroclinal bending in the central Taurides: A record of terminal eastward subduction in southern Turkey?

Ayten Koç*, Douwe J J van Hinsbergen, Nuretdin Kaymakçi, Cornelis G. Langereis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Tauride fold-thrusts belt formed during ∼S-N convergence between Africa and Eurasia since Cretaceous time. The western end of the central Taurides strike NW-SE, highly obliquely to the overall convergence direction, and connect to the NE-SW Beydağlari-Lycian Nappe flank of the western Taurides, forming the so-called 'Isparta Angle'. In Neogene time, the western and central Taurides and the inner part of the Isparta Angle became overlain by Neogene sedimentary basins including Manavgat, Köprüçay and Aksu, characterized by marine clastics and carbonates. The eastern limb of the Isparta Angle experienced multidirectional Miocene to Present extension, whereas E-W shortening affected the marine sedimentary basins in the heart of the Isparta Angle. To quantitatively reconstruct the Neogene kinematic evolution of the Taurides, towards restoring the subduction system accommodating Africa-Eurasia convergence, we paleomagnetically assess if and when vertical axis rotations affected the Manavgat, Köprüçay, and Aksu basins in Early Miocene to Pliocene times. We show that the northern Köprüçay Basin rotated ∼20-30° clockwise, the Manavgat Basin underwent ∼25-35° counterclockwise rotation, and the Aksu Basin underwent no rotation since the Early-Middle Miocene. It was previously shown that the Beydağlari region underwent a post-Middle Miocene ∼20° counterclockwise rotation. These results show that the prominent oroclinal salient geometry of the western Taurides thus acquired, at least in part, since Miocene times, that the Köprüçay Basin rotated relative to the Aksu Basin along the Aksu thrust, and that the Beydağlari platform rotated relative to the Aksu Basin along the Bucak thrust, which must have both been active until Late Neogene time. This synchronous E-W shortening in the heart of the Isparta Angle, and multidirectional extension in its eastern limb may be explained by relative westward retreat of an eastward dipping subducting Antalya slab that has previously been imaged by seismic tomography and a Benioff zone. The Neogene Bucak thrust west of the Aksu Basin may represent the most recent surface expression of the Antalya subduction zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-90
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume434
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Isparta Angle
  • Miocene marine basins
  • Oroclinal bending
  • Paleomagnetism
  • Subduction
  • Taurides

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