Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for resection of unilateral noninvasive adrenal masses in dogs is associated with excellent outcomes in experienced centers

Philipp D Mayhew*, Federico Massari, Felipe Lillo Araya, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen, Bart Van Goethem, Ameet Singh, Ingrid M Balsa, Michele A Steffey, William T N Culp, J Brad Case, Erin Gibson, Michelle A Giuffrida, Briana Hagen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) for resection of unilateral adrenal masses and to document risk factors for conversion and peri- and postoperative morbidity.

ANIMALS: 255 client-owned dogs.

METHODS: Dogs were included if LA was attempted for resection of a unilateral adrenal mass. Medical records were evaluated and relevant data were reported, including complications, conversion, perioperative death, and long-term outcomes. Signalment, clinicopathological data, and surgical experience were factors statistically evaluated for possible associations with capsular penetration during surgery, conversion, surgical time, duration of hospital stay, death prior to discharge, mass recurrence, and survival time.

RESULTS: 155 dogs had left-sided tumors, and 100 had right-sided tumors. Conversion to an open approach was performed in 9.4% of cases. Capsular penetration (19.2%) and major hemorrhage (5.4%) were the most prevalent intraoperative complications. Of the dogs operated on, 94.9% were discharged from the hospital. Lesion side, portion of the gland affected, and surgeon experience influenced surgical time. Conversion rate increased with increasing body condition score and lesion size. Risk of death prior to discharge increased with increasing lesion size. Risk of conversion and death prior to discharge were lower when performed by more experienced surgeons. Capsular penetration during LA increased the risk of tumor recurrence.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: LA for resection of unilateral adrenal masses is associated with excellent outcomes in experienced centers. Surgeons with greater experience with LA have lower surgical times, conversion rates, and risk of death prior to discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume261
Issue number12
Early online date15 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery
  • Adrenalectomy/veterinary
  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases/surgery
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy/veterinary
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
  • Retrospective Studies

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